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Rules of Innovation

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轉載自: http://blog.fastcompany.com/experts/rwatson/2007/11/the_new_rules_of_innovation.html

Rule # 1 – None of us are as smart as all of us.
The image of a lone genius slaving away in a dimly lit basement or garage is the traditional image of the inventor. However, according to Andrew Hargadon (Assistant Professor of Technology Management at the University of California) this is largely a myth. Moreover, when it comes to innovation, a collective effort is more usually the norm. Andrew Hargadon’s book (How Breakthroughs Happen) says that innovation is largely a result of networks. These are formal and informal collections of people and projects ranging from employees and suppliers to customers and even competitors. These networks are highly social in nature, which means that cultivating relationships is important. Another key observation is the thought that ideas are rarely new. New ideas are usually a recombination of old ideas and thus diversity in terms of people, ideas and experience is key for innovation. Having said all this, the best way to kill a good idea is to involve a committee, so ensure that there’s someone in charge to bang heads together and, if necessary, dislodge the gridlock.

Rule # 2 – Pioneers get scalped.
The theory of first mover advantage is bunk according to Nicolas Carr (author of ‘Does IT Matter’), who says that when a disruptive technology arrives the real growth opportunities lie in fixing the disruption. In other words the pioneers often get scalped. His argument is that the future arrives in “fits and starts” and many of the most profitable innovations are inherently conservative. Ditto companies (look at Toyota or Wal-Mart). Innovators (especially technology innovators) often get too far ahead of customers who are fundamentally change adverse. A good example is the Internet. Many of the early dom.com firms failed, not because they had a bad idea, but because they had an idea too soon and lacked the patience, managerial or marketing smarts to hang around. Another example is Netflix. The company is a wild success because it doesn’t fight current technological restraints. You could set up a movie rental company that delivers films via huge downloads but it’s currently a much better idea to let people order over the Internet and let the US postal service deliver the goods.
Rule # 3 – The more you try, the luckier you get.
As Linus Pauling said: “The best way to have a good idea is to have a lot of ideas.” Innovation is partly a numbers game. Fail often and fail fast and learn from your mistakes. Apple didn’t give up after the Lisa or the Newton. Moreover, don’t punish people when they make mistakes. Punish them when they don’t make enough mistakes or when they repeatedly make the same mistake. Some companies don’t get this. They are on an eternal quest for the perfect solution and spend so long researching and developing single ideas that by the time they’re launched it’s already too late. This conflicts, to some extent, with rule #2, but not much. Timing is everything and generally it’s better to be approximately right and slightly early than perfectly right and very late. Furthermore, the old model of create, edit, publish is rapidly being pushed aside in favour of a new and faster, model which is create, publish, edit (i.e. let the customer co-create the final product). This particularly true where speed to market is important and links into ideas like ‘thin slicing.’
Rule # 4 – Don’t confuse ideas with innovation.
Organizations think they can be great at ideas and innovation, when generally speaking they’re either good at one or the other. Small organizations and start-ups tend to be good with ideas, but can be weak on implementation and scale. With big organizations it’s often the other way around. The trick is to know what you’re good at and then go outside for help with what’s missing. A related thought is
that when it comes to long-term success it’s very often the companies that avoid radical innovation that win in the longer term. Innovators who come up with disruptive ideas often go bankrupt or fail to grow beyond a niche position in the market. Thus being a fast follower (using innovation transfer or even M&A) is a perfectly good (if less glamorous) innovation strategy.
Rule # 5 – If you love something, give it away.
Got a good idea? Then give it away. In my experience too many people (especially lone inventors) hide their idea from the world in the belief that someone will steal it. Someone might. But at least if you talk to people it gives you the opportunity to polish the idea by rubbing it between your brain and theirs (see rule #1).
Rule # 6 – Innovation is about breaking rules, so ignore any or all of the above.


Written by chin7

十二月 4, 2007 at 10:22 上午


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The 7 deadly sins of résumé design

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The 7 deadly sins of résumé designSo you’ve labored with sweat and tears writing your résumé, and now you’re all set to turn it into a magnificently designed creation. Unfortunately, with the freedom of modern computers and fancy software, comes huge opportunities for abuse. When it comes to résumés, both non-designers and professional designers commit some almost unforgivable sins. Here are the 7 deadly sins of résumé design and how to repent:

  1. Fancy “résumé” paper
  2. Times New Roman
  3. Teeny tiny font size
  4. Grey text
  5. Excessive decoration
  6. Weird paper size
  7. Horizontal format

1. Fancy “résumé” paper

Take a tour of any office supply store and you’ll see shelves of extravagant “résumé” papers featuring special “linen” and “parchment” finishes. Avoid these like dog poop on a New York summer sidewalk. They’re too expensive and don’t make you look extra special.

To repent: Save your money and get paper with a plain smooth finish. It can be slightly heavier than regular copy paper, but not stiff as a board. An ever so slight hint of cream is fine. It’ll make your resume easier on the eyes than the super-ultra-pure-snow-driven white paper many designers are fond of. I prefer Neenah Classic Crest in Natural White with a Super Smooth finish. Never ever use pink paper with strawberry scent.

2. Times New Roman

The default typeface in Microsoft Word is Times New Roman, and thus it’s the default for most résumés. It’s a tragedy, because Times’s letterspacing and wordspacing is wretched in Word. The result is an unharmonious mess.

To repent: Choose a different typeface. I won’t go into explaining x-heights or the difference between Humanist Sans and Geometric Sans. If you’ve got money to spare, pick any of the typefaces in FontShop’s professional collection, and you’ll be a step above Times New Roman. If you’re cheap, use Matthew Carter’s Georgia. It’s free and already installed on your computer. If you send your résumé electronically as a PDF, it also looks quite good on-screen. If you need more guidance, check out Before & After’s tutorial on picking typefaces.

3. Teeny tiny font size

Designers fresh out of school love teeny tiny type. The belief is that it looks elegant, refined, and allows for more white space on the résumé. It’s a shame. For all that elegance, no one can read it, because most people in hiring positions won’t have fresh baby eyes with 20/20 vision.

To repent: Set your résumé no smaller than 9 points for sans-serifed type and 10 points for serifed type. Anything smaller, and your résumé is at risk of being shredded.

4. Grey text

Designers also love grey type. On an inkjet printer, grey text looks better because it reduces the appearance of noise. If you go too light, though, it becomes illegible and unfaxable. But wait, should you really be using inkjet to print your résumé?

To repent: Use a laser printer and print in 100% black for ultimate clarity. If you do go grey, don’t go lighter than 75% black.

5. Excessive decoration

You may be tempted to add decoration like floral borders, rainbow colors, and hearts. Perhaps, you want to use an illustration of a swan, tiger or unicorn to represent you. This is great if you want to look like a box of crayons melted on your résumé. Otherwise, don’t try to be cute.

To repent: Add some character by setting your name slightly larger, or in a different weight as the same typeface as the rest of your résumé. Use color, but very sparingly, if at all. No more than one color in addition to black.

6. Weird paper size

If you live in the United States, the standard paper size is 8.5 x 11in. In Europe, it’s 210 x 297mm. Anything else will fit awkwardly in a binder or file. When it doesn’t fit, it gets thrown out.

To repent: Keep to the standard paper size of your geographic location. It’s easier to print and package.

7. Horizontal format

In an attempt to stand out, some designers format their résumés in a landscape format. This is more annoying than innovative.

To repent: Keep to a portrait format. The first person who sees your résumé is usually a Human Resources person who sees hundreds of resumes daily. Too much variation from the norm makes it harder for them to make a quick assessment of you. If you want to stand out, write a good cover letter instead.

Written by chin7

十一月 27, 2007 at 6:30 上午

張貼於designs, resources

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The Essential Blender

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轉載自: alicekey.wordpress.com

The Essential Blender的圖像
The Essential Blender | Guide to 3D Creation with the Open Source Suite Blender

Blender是開放源碼的3D建模軟體,類似Maya與3Ds Max。一般來說,這類軟體的使用相當不容易,而Blender又是其中之最。只要你用過,就會知道這套軟體有多麼難上手。沒有先看過說明書或教學,你只能瞪著它發呆,什麼都做不了。幸運的是,有Blender Wiki這個免費的線上資源可用。會花錢買這本書的原因,主要是想看看官方編的書籍品質以及正統的學習方式為何。另一方面,也是贊助這個計畫。如果你對這本書有興趣的話,這裡有第六章可供試看,Download chapter 6: Animation (pdf, 2.5 MB)


書中的圖片實在是縮得太小,解析度又差,字沒一個看得見的。通常要看文章或者圖說,才能知道圖上的字大概是什麼。以一本台幣要1400~1500的書來說品質實在不怎樣,相較之下O’Reilly的書品質真是好的沒話說。如果你真的很想看清楚書中的圖,可以到Books/Essential Blender這邊,下載各章節的screenshot壓縮檔。(2007.11.7 update)


Written by chin7

十一月 19, 2007 at 1:34 下午

張貼於resources, softwares

Craig David – Trust Me

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艺人:Craig David
专辑:Trust Me
风格:R&B,Urban,British Garage





Track List:

01. Hot Stuff (Let’s Dance)          3:39
02. 6 Of 1 Thing                     3:47
03. Friday Night                     3:33
04. Awkward                          3:37
05. Just A Reminder                  3:49
06. Officially Yours                 3:55
07. Kinda Girl For Me                3:47
08. She’s On Fire                    5:04
09. Don’t Play With Our Love         3:59
10. Top Of The Hill                  3:54
11. This Is The Girl                 4:10

Album Download:

At Mediafire

At Fs2you

Craig David-Trust Me.torrent

Written by chin7

十一月 18, 2007 at 1:34 上午

張貼於resources, songs

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12個精選免費PowerPoint Template下載站

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  1. Microsoft的Office Online有一個很不俗的Presentation Template Section。當然,整個Office Online還有很多的資源,讓我們使用在各Microsoft Office之上。
  2. Brainy Betty除了提供了免費的Template,更有字體、Video、Flash動畫等,讓你使用在簡報之上。而且Template方面,更分成不同類別,如Abstract Background、Artist Background及Back to School等。
  3. Presentation Helper有一個Free PowerPoint Templates,提供多款免費Template。另外,這網站還有很多值得閱讀的Presentation文章。
  4. PresentationPoint強調自己的Template是「agency quality」。事實上,看上去的確不錯的。
  5. inzones不單提供Free PowerPoint Templates,更有Microsoft Word的Brochures、Reports及Newsletters的Templates。
  6. Indezine提供多種免費Template,不過卻要你先登記(免費的)。
  7. Presenter’s Resource除了有一些Free Template之外,更有不少教學文章,讓你Present得更Pro。
  8. PowerPoint Games?其實這是用PowerPoint來做的教學遊戲。老師們可以下載之後,自行修改,應用在課堂之上。
  9. mastertemplates提供了十多款的免費Template,看上去也頗Professional的。
  10. eBibleTeacher.com所提供的,當然就是有關基督教的Template啦。
  11. TemplatesWise.com提供一個很大的Template Library。我們除了可以按類別瀏覽之外,更可以使用其搜尋功能來找合適的Template。
  12. Free PPT Templates有大量POT檔案供大家下載。

Written by chin7

十一月 16, 2007 at 3:14 下午

張貼於resources, websites

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